Punishment may prevent a person from continuing his crimes, but it never teaches him why or how to stop his crimes. It never brings transformation, but rather a feeling of rejection, revenge, and various poisonous emotions. Thus the victim cannot find a way out of his crime through punishment. Instead, he sticks to it because of punishment. On the other hand, if justice is carried out in the right way, it educates him, transforms him and makes him a useful member of society.
The tragedy is that people think that when a person is condemned to death, he is dead and they are through with him. This is not true. He will continue to commit crimes in his subtle body and will reincarnate with the same criminal tendencies. Unless he is re-educated and transformed in the spirit of righteousness, the problem will remain forever.